Random Motions-BP style-
THW anonymize the funding, display, and sale of art
TH, as Iran, Would resume its nuclear weapons program
THBT schools should teach students from a young age that "nobody is completely straight".
BP Novice West,2019,4
In countries where conscription exists exclusively for men, THBT feminists should advocate for the conscription of women
BP Novice West,2019,QF
THW ban slum tourism run and profited by people living outside the slum
TH, as Northeast Asian parents, would raise their children as Third Culture KidsThird Culture Kid(TCK): TCKs are people raised in a culture other than that of their parents for a significant part of their early development years. TCKs move between cultures before they have had the opportunity to fully develop their personal and cultural identity.
THW abolish all regulations against service industry (such as sanitary condition of the hotel or additional car license for cabbing) except for those related to immediate impact to one's life
THR the imposition of the concept of universal human rights.
THW subsidise art that glorifies the working class
BP Novice West,2019,1
THR the narrative "experience of hardship and agony is necessary for success"
THR the recent corporate campaigning for LGBT rights.(e.g.appearance in pride parades, usage of rainbows in logos and branding.)
BP Novice East,2019,2
TH, as ASEAN member states, would pursue closer relationship with China as opposed to the US
BP Novice East,2019,3
THBT oppressed minorities should emphasize individualism over collectivism to their childrenINDIVIDUALISM and COLLECTIVISM describe the attitude of individuals to their communities. In individualism, people prefer to act as individuals rather than members of groups. Collectivism focuses on cohesiveness and group goals, sometimes at the expense of individual interest
THS the complete freedom of movement for refugees
THW ban abortion at all stages of pregnancy
BP Novice East,2019,4
THBT sexual fidelity should not be a criterion to measure the strength of loveSEXUAL FIDELITY refers to the attitude or behaviour of someone who is willing to have sex only with their husband, wife, or partner
BP Novice West,2019,2
TH celebrates the increasing number of children going to cram schools
BP Novice West,2019,3
THBT multinational corporations operating in developing nations should be compelled to follow the strict environmental standards of western liberal democracies
THBT Japan should actively participate in the One Belt One Road initiative
Autumn Tournament,2018,Rookie GF
THBT student loans should mandate repayment only to those who are capable of paying it back (incl. not limited to: have a stable job or be a child of wealthy parents)
BP Novice West,2018,3
TH regrets the idealization of motherhood
TH regrets narratives that glorify the elderly (e.g. “The old know better”; “The old deserve more” etc.)
THBT Supreme Courts should refrain from making decisions on controversial social issues (e.g. gay rights, abortion)
TH, as an international student from a democratic country studying in Hong Kong, would choose not to leave
THBT Western liberal democracies should restrict multinational corporations from investing and establishing branches in illiberal states (e.g. Philippines, Zimbabwe, Saudi Arabia).
Assuming the switch will never be discovered, THW tell the poor couple that their baby died and hand the surviving baby over to the wealthy couple.You are a doctor in the emergency unit of a hospital. One night, two critical cases come to you: a wealthy couple's newborn baby and an extremely poor couple's newborn baby are both diagnosed with a rare disease, which requires high maintenance. Despite hours of frantic efforts on your part to keep them alive, tragedy strikes by dawn and the wealthy couple's baby dies.
THBT it is the interest of the Iranian government to immediately and unilaterally halt its nuclear weapons program
Assuming that humanity prior to the Industrial Revolution had knowledge of how industrialization led to widespread environmental destruction, THBT humanity, at that point in time, has a moral obligation to reject industrialization
THBT states should punish media corporations for directly or indirectly spreading misinformation (i.e. hosting factually incorrect information by users/advertisers)
THR the glorification of woman's resilience in dealing with difficulties/ suffering
THW introduce female gender quota for judges
THW force religous adoption agencies to allow same-sex couples to foster and adopt childrenReligous adoption agency is an agency run by religous organization such as Catholic. They assist in placing chilren to adoptive parents that are looking for children.
Actually, THW rather see one innocent man go to jail than see 100 guilty men walk free
THR 'Operation Car Wash'Operation Car Wash' is a broad investigation conducted in Brazil that revealed extensive corruption. As a result of the operation, the left-leaning Workers' Party have lost power, and far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro has been elected president
TH regrets cram school culture
THBT social movements should abandon the tactic of publicly shaming individuals in order to accomplish change
THR the depiction of the everyday life of people with disabilities as inspirational
BP Novice West,2018,GF
TH regrets the dominant narrative "the more choices you have, the happier you are"
Cambridge IV,2018,Rookie GF
THBT it is immoral for individuals who have met their basic needs to not donate any excess wealth to utility maximising causes
TH, as South Africa, would forcibly break up exclusive Afrikaaner enclavesAfrikaaners are a white South African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers.
THBT the protections of international law conventions and treaties should not apply to combatants from terrorist organisations (e.g. prohibition on torture, prisoner of war status, guarantee of post-conflict release)
TH opposes the norm that romantic love should be the primary source of fulfilment in a person's life
THW ban the development of AIs designed for military combat.
Assuming feasibility, THW implement the "Literal and Universal Birth Lottery" system"Literal and Universal Birth Lottery" is a cool word I came up with. It refers to a system in which parents do not raise their own biological children. Instead, they will raise children who are randomly assigned to them through a lottery in a universal/global scale. For example, a Japanese parent may be assigned a Thai child, and vice versa.
TH supports the active use of "OK Boomer" by the younger generation"OK Boomer" is a catchphrase that gained popularity among the younger generation to dismiss or mock attitudes stereotypically attributed to the older generation (in particular baby boomers). These include such as but not limited to perceived resistance to technological change, rise in living standards, college debts, climate change denial, marginalization of minorities or opposition to younger generations' ideals.
TH Supports the creation of a Northeast Asian Union (i.e. a regional intergovernmental organization that promotes the integration at social, economic, and political levels)
THBT developing countries should privatise their State-Owned Enterprises (such as airlines, railway utility companies)
Oxford IV,2018,ESL GF
THBT social movements should reject the glorification of political violence
THBT the Islael Philharmonic Orchestra should regularly play the works of Richard Wagner
TH regrets the rising public skepticism towards science
THBT celebrities should not publish their political position
As a billionaire who opposes the development of strong artificial intelligence, THW fund violent and destructive action against companies that aim to creat strong AIStrong artificial intelligence refers to machines that have the ability to think at least as well as humans and could act independent of human instruction
THBT Greece should introduce significant financial incentives for companies and individuals currently based in Athens to relocate to other Greek citiesOver a third of the Greek population lives in Athens
THBT consumers should predominantly aim to buy locally produced goods and services
THW break up DisneyThe Walt Disney Company owns Pixar, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox, ABC and dozens of other studios, media networks, amusement parks and merchandising rights
TH regrets the increasing trend of popular shows featuring neurodivergence* as the central themeNeurodivergence refers to those whose psychology is non standard, e.g. for reasons of mental health, mental disability, etc.
THBT Artists should not participate in the ongoing interpretation of their art
TH supports first generation immigrants to Western Europe encouraging their children to fully assimilate and identify with the local culture
THBT sates should not prosecute menbers of terrorist organizations who leave those organizations and coorperate with the state.
BP Novice West,2018,4
As a teacher from an underprivileged racial/ethnic minority, THW intentionally inflate the grades of students from similarly disadvantaged groups
BP Novice West,2018,QF
In newly democratized post-conflict society, THW subject people who commit severe corruption to the death penalty
THBT social media should aggressively promote content that is divergent to the user's current opinions
THBT countries should tax their citizens for the income they generate while working and living abroad
THBT the United Kingdom should not have handed control of Hong Kong back to China
THBT the US and the EU, should stop all military, political and financial support to both Israel and the Palestinians until they reach a peace agreement
THBT the ongoing process of decolonisation should include actively disempowering religions that were imposed on the country during colonialismDecolonisation refers to the process of critiquing and moving away from value systems and influences that were imposed on countries during colonialism. Some examples include: removing statues of colonial figures e.g. Cecil Rhodes, prioritising indigenous narratives of history over colonial narratives, replacing colonial authors with local authors in curricula.
This house would not allow out of court settlements for workplace discrimination and harrasment
THBT the feminist movement should actively oppose norms of stable monogamous relationships
THW not restrict sexual expression in public (e.g. public nudity, displayal of pornographic images)
THW ban sex selective abortionSex-selective abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy based upon the predicted sex of the infant. The selective abortion of female fetuses is most common where male children are valued over female children
THW implement substantial measures to impose long-termism in corporate investment culture (e.g. minimum holding periods for shares, yearly rather than quarterly financial reporting, long-term executive compensation plans)
TH supports granting megacities autonomous control over their economic and social policy (e.g. immigration, health, criminal justice) with national taxation policy remaining under the control of the federal governmentMegacities are cities with a population of over 10 million people
THW limit the amount of time that a museum can display a given piece of art to 3 months out of every 10 year period, rather than allow museums to display their works as long as they chooseThe art that you see in a museum typically comes from one of the following sources: i) that museum’s permament collection that’s always on display, ii) that museum’s permament collection that is mostly kept in storage and may occasionally be displayed (the largest museums usually display as little as 5% of their collections); iii) pieces lent to that museum on a temporary basis by another museum iv) pieces donated or lent by private individuals or institutions.
THBT all states should mandate that research on and use of CRISPR technology be exclusively carried out by institutions funded entirely by the stateCRISPR is currently the only existing technology that allows cheap, fast and targeted gene edition in living organisms. It potentially allows for heritable* changes, though so far very little research on such heritable changes in humans has occurred. * heritable changes are changes that can be passed on from parents to their children.
TH prefers a non-adversarial legal systemIn an adversarial legal system (which is implemented in most countries), the prosecution and defense perform investigations, provide evidence, question witnesses and make legal arguments in an attempt to win the case, while the judge(s) are relatively passive observers and act as an impartial referee. In a non-adversarial legal system, the judge takes responsibility for most of the investigative process ? questioning defendants and witnesses, ordering searches to be done ? in an attempt to gather facts and look for any and all evidence in an impartial way. The prosecution and defense may be questioned by the judge, but have no control over the proceedings, and perform a minor role within the court.
THBT ASEAN should negotiate all investment deals with Chinese government entities as a bloc (with decisions made by majority vote of its members), so that no member state can enter into investment deals without the rest of the worldThe Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising of Southeast Asian states which promotes Pan-Asianism and greater economic integration within the ASEAN common market. There are 10 ASEAN member states, namely, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Brunei, Philippines, Cambodia, Loas, & Vietnam.
TH, as a parent of a child of ASPD, would enable and support that child given that child’s aims based on their current psychological makeup, instead of trying to make them more empatheticIndividuals with Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASPD), formerly known as sociopathy, have a highly reduced ability to feel empathy. People with ASPD do potentially have the ability to feel empathy, and, as with other emotions, their capacity to feel empathy can be increased based on exposure to certain experiences and relationships, yet is unlikely to reach what is considered a “normal” level.
THW rather save the list of a single child, over extending the life of 5 adults by 10 yearsWith a spare $1,000, one can provide (on average) a single child, who would otherwise have died in infancy, with a full and healthy life ? for example, by donating to the distribution of insecticide-treated anti-malaria bed nets. Alternatively, one can (on average) increase the life expectancy of about 5 adults by 10 years ? for example, by donating to the therapy for deadly acquired diseases in the developing world
BP Novice East,2019,1
THW censor and remove all contents (including books and tweets) which are deemed to be anti-vaccination
BP Novice West,2019,SF
THBT people who currently promote vegetarianism on animal welfare grounds should instead advocate for consumption of products where the production process treats animals well. e.g.) products with "Certified Animal Welfare Claims" like "cage free"products
As a prominent religious leader of a major religion, THW actively promote the narrative that atheists and irreligious people can still be accepted into heaven.
THO the idealization of the pacifist civil rights leader
THBT former colonies should actively de-emphasize prominent western thinkers in their education
TH, as the minority resistance group, would accept the offerYou are a resistance group in an autocratic state. The state has promised amnesty to all those in the group as long as it gives up the struggle. Your group is greatly outnumbered
Japan BP,2019,Rookie SF
THBT Western liberal democracies should cease their efforts to universalize liberal values
In areas of chronically low academic attainment, THBT the general approach of educational charities should be to focus resources on maximising the potential of exceptional students, over helping the lowest achieving
THS the rise of computational creativityComputational Creativity' is a scientific field researching AI models that simulate or replicate human creativity. Projects in the field include but are not limited to using AI to script films, compose music, write poetry, and paint
THW give legislative veto power to a Future Generations CommissionFor the purposes of this debate, a 'Future Generations Commission' is an independent body mandated with mapping the long-term impacts of governmental policy on the young, or unborn generations
Cambridge IV,2018,ESL SF
Where resources are significantly limited, THBT states should actively promote religion in areas of high poverty
TH supports the promotion of collective guilt after large scale crimes against humanity
THR the shift in the #MeToo movement from victims sharing their experiences to holding public figures to account
THBT states with aging populations should accept more immigrants instead of providing incentives for their citizens to have more children
THW hold heads of corporations criminally liable for significant environmental damages caused by their corporations
TH, as a parent, would teach their daughters to embrace the ideal of the “independent women”The ideal of the ‘independent women’ refers to the ideal that a woman ought to be entirely self sufficient, and should not have to receive external validation to feel good about herself and to be able to achieve success. This ideal pushes the notion that being financially and environmentally independent is best for women.
TH rejects all narratives that depict insect-jisatsu as honorable
THW implement blind voting for general electionsFor the purposes of this debate, “blind voting” refers to a system where voters cast their votes for various policies, and a candidate is matched to them based on their preference
THBT states have moral justifications to implement death penalty
THBT states should pay a wage to housewives and househusbands
THBT post conflict states should suppress discourse surrounding the period of conflict in order to promote peace
Assuming feasibility, THW allow selling and buying one’s lifetime years
BP Novice West,2018,SF
THW allow individual to pay the state to buy exemption from compulsory military services
TH opposes the attempts by the feminist movement to redefine roles and behaviours traditionally associated with women (e.g. wanting to be a housewife, wearing make-up and heels) as empowering
THS countries withdrawing from the International Criminal Court in order to create their own regional replacements (e.g. an African Criminal Court, an InterAmerican Criminal Court)
TH, as the executive body would choose to eliminate based on utility over a random draw.In 2200, the world is unable to accomodate everyone. The only way for half the population to survice is to eliminate the other hald. A confidential world executive body was formed in order to deal with this issue.
During economic crises, THBT states should prioritise fiscal stability (i.e. balancing budget) over increasing public spending
THBT international criminal tribunals should introduce the death penalty for individuals convicted of crimes against humanity
THBT academic journals should not publish articles that characterize colonialism as positive
THW allow political parties to make binding electoral promises that, once broken, will immediately trigger reelection
THBT Asian education systems should actively promote the view that Asian culture is superior to Western Culture
TH, as the feminist movement, opposes the "not like other girls" trope"Not like other girls" trope is a common TV/Movie/Book/Meme plot or characterization where the main female protagonist is described as being "different" and "unusual" (e.g. being smart, emotionally resilient, down to earth, independent, less caring, lacks interest in certain things) compared to other 'typical girls.'
THBT environmental advocacy groups should prioritise lobbying governments to change environmental policy (e.g. cap and trade policies, banning environmentally harmful chemicals) rather than convincing individuals to take responsibility for their contribution to environmental damage (e.g. reducing/recycling waste, taking public transport)
Oxford IV,2018,ESL SF
THBT the US should cut all political, economic and military ties with Saudi Arabia
Oxford IV,2018,Rookie GF
THBT post-conflict states should actively promote a unifying national narrative in the history curriculum
THW allow city and local governments to be held civilly responsible for deaths that can be ascribed to homelessness
THP a world where people believe you should maximize productivity to a world where people believe you should maximize leisure
Assuming that there is a drug that can induce a life-long coma in which one experiences the state of absolute happiness without requiring any further care until physical death from old age, THW immediately administer it to all humans
THBT if you choose to treat your lover and not the complete stranger, you will be morally blameworthyAssuming that Ebola has spread to Japan, and you are a doctor who has just invented the cure, but only have one indivisible portion of it, and the only two patients in your care are your lover and a complete stranger, both of whom are in critical condition and will certainly die without treatment within a few hours
TH opposes the idea of Social Contract as a rationale for citizens’ obligation to obey the state’s coercive decisions (such as laws and policies)Social Contract is a political theory that attempts to justify coercion of citizens by the state by claiming that the state exists because citizens agreed to establish it to promote common good. This agreement is usually referred to as the Social Contract
THBT it is immoral to give birth to a new life
THR the decline of postmodernist artPostmodernism ? The premise of the ideology is that there is no definite terms, boundaries or absolute truth in existence
TH oppose science as a predominant rationale in understanding the world
THR the rise of social influencersA Social Influencer is a user on social media who has established credibility in a specific field. A social media influencer has access to a large audience (e.g. followers on Twitter/ Instagram and subscribers on YouTube) and can persuade others by virtue of their appeal and reach
TH, as the feminist movement, would support robot brothels.
THW allow foreign funding of local political NGOs.
In relaiton to the sexual allegations scandals of the Vatican, THBT Pope Francis should resign.
THW ban private healthcare curation websites
THBT medical institutions in developed countries should neither cooperate with, nor use the data produced by, medical institutions in developing countries that do not meet standards in developed countries on human crinical trialsMedical institutions in developing countires (e.g. Southeast Asia, Central Asia) are becoming increasingly competitive within the field of human clinical trials and now constitute a major share of world's scientific output. These trials operate under local medical standards that are pointed out to be less stringent than ones in developed countries.
THBT NATO should end all political, economic, and military support for the Russian Commonwealth
TH, as the Feminist Movement, would publicly denounce Sheila's talkSheila is a woman who was subjected to forced marriage back in the rural town where she was born. After many years, Sheila has come to terms with her marriage and leads a happy life with her husband and children. She intends on giving a talk on the positive aspects of her marriage and how forced marriage is a legitimate way of life.
THBT people of the present generation do not have any duties with regards to unborn people of future generations
THBT electronic sports should be included in the Olympics.
THW criminalize the creation and spreading of science-based conspiracy theories (flat earth, global warming is a hoaz, vaccines cause autiusm, etc.)
THBT taxation policy should be decided by unelected economists selected by their peers.
THBT the feminist movements should support ads and campaigns that fature servicewomen with emphasis on their sexual appearance.
THBT rules and scheduling of professional sports should be made in the interest of fairness and the welfare of competitors regardless of commercial incentives or the interest of audiences
THBT minority groups should not repurpose terminologies that were formerly used to oppress them.
As a strategy for upcoming election campaign, THBT Democratic Party should predominantly push democratic socialism as its core agenda.
TH opposes sympathizing and humanizing portrayals of Nazi soldiers
THR the societal emphasis of charity/volunteering as a virtue
THS active racebending which is favourable towards socially underprivileged races (i.e., African American, Asian)Racebending is an act that changes character's perceived race or ethnicity during the adoption of a work from one medium to another. (i.e., Black James Bond, White female Ancient One in Doctor Strange.)
THBT developed countries should pay developing countries to protect ecologically important land and/or waters from economic exploitation(e.g. deforestation, mining, fishing)
THR the perception that soldiers are heroes
THBT social sanctions should be a mitigating factor of criminal lengthA social sanction is a reaction from others in society to an acused person. It varies in society from releasing the private information by media, dismissal by his company, or the insult on the internet.
THBT former colonial powers should drastically increase the number of immigrants from their ex-colonies
THW prefer a religion which preaches that one’s fate in the material world is predetermined rather than one which preaches that choices influence it
THBT the IMF should require direct control over a country’s monetary policy as a condition of national bailouts
THBT liberal democracies should constitutionally enshrine the right of regions to unilaterally secede
TH supports governments significantly increasing their use of big data-based predictive models in decision-making to replace human judgements (e.g. criminal justice policy, allocation of healthcare resources, housing development)Recently there has been an increased use of big data and sophisticated algorithms in making various policy judgements. As technology in machine learning and artificial intelligence advances, it is becoming more feasible to apply such methods to more government decision making process.
THBT the WHO should adopt a convention which bans the sell of drugs with high resistance tendencies (e.g. antibiotics) to countries which do not comply with WHO guidelines regarding their medical and agricultural useThe World Health Organisation has adopted conventions on various health topics which can impose binding regulations on member states.
THS job security legislationFor the purpose of this debate, “job security legislation” refers to laws intended to make businesses fire employees less often. Its goal is to disincentives the termination of existing employees, whether the business employs an alternative individual to replace them or not. Examples of this legislation include, but are not limited to, increased severance pay and detailed cause requirements for terminating employment. Protections against discriminatory termination or similar laws do not fall under this term.
TH, as the Chinese Communist Party, would lift all restrictions on foreign investments in China, except restrictions critical to national securityThere are currently a number of restrictions on foreign entities investing in China. Such restrictions include, but are not limited to: government approval for large foreign investments in China; limitations on the proportion of certain sectors that can be owned by foreign entities; and foreign companies that enter China are required to do so in a 50% joint venture with a local firm.
THBT media should not broadcast private life of politicians
TH, as feminist movement, would advocate against advertisements which use female sexuality to appeal to customers
THW hold head of religious organizations legally liable when their believers, for religious reasons, deny giving medial treatment to their children under life-threatening condition
THR the glamorization of start-up culture that encourages people to start their own companies rather than pursue traditional career paths
Japan BP,2019,Rookie GF
THW use the technologyThere is a technology that would allow for you to completely erase the existing human race, and any traces of the human species having ever existed
THBT the South African government should incentivize the movement of people out of townships, rather than focus on policies that try to economically develop townships
THW grant individuals and organisations open standing to challenge the constitutionality of laws enacted by their governmentIn most legal systems, in order to initiate legal proceedings, potential plaintiffs must demonstrate that they are directly involved in the issues of a case in a way that is distinct from general members of the public. This means that an ordinary citizen cannot challenge a law as unconstitutional if they cannot prove that it has, or is imminently likely to, directly affect them. A doctrine of open standing would allow anyone to initiate legal proceedings in court. Plaintiffs would still need to demonstrate a valid legal argument. For example, under the status quo, new healthcare legislation which may increase many people's premiums could not be challenged by a general member of the public. Under a doctrine of open standing it could be.
THW ban all communication tech companies (such as Google, Apple, Facebook, Whatsapp, etc.) from encrypting their users data, including the content of their communications, in such a way that the company cannot retrieve that data even under a court order
THW force companies to reflect the racial diversity of national population on employee composition
THW require individuals to pass a political general knowledge test in order to gain the right to vote
THBT developing countries should adopt English as the principal language of instruction in schools
TH prefers a world where children are raised under communcal child reading over family based rearing.
THR the South Korean Supreme Court decision to find conscientious ebjection to military conscription not guilty.Conscientious objectior to miltiary refers to an individual who has claimed the right to reduse to perform military service on the gorunds of freedom of thought, conscience or religion. On October 26th, 2018 the South Korean Supreme Court found a conscientious objection to mandatory military service case not guilty for the first time.
THW universally abolish CRBI (citizenship and residence by investment) schemes."Citizenship by Investment" (CBI) and "Residence by Investment" (RBI) schemes are offered by substantial number of countries, such as Canada, Malaysia, UAE. The schemes allow foreigners to obtain citizenship and temporary/permanent residence rights on the basis of local investments or a flat fee.
TH, as White group in South Africa, Would declare the formation of violent rebellion against the government in case they amend the constitutionAfrican National Congress, the ruling party of South Africa, is leaning towards constitutional amendment by which seizure of land without compensation can be constitutionally legitimate. Major target of seizure will be White farmers.
From behind a veil of ignorance, TH would choose to not be born
Assuming feasibility, in countries with conscription, THW forcibly delete all soldiers’ memories of combat situations upon their discharge
THBT the deaf rights movement should disproportionately emphasize the positive experiences associated with being deaf
THBT the EU should decriminalize human smuggling*Human smuggling is the aiding of a willing person to illegally cross a border. It is distinct from human trafficking, in which the person does not consent
In democratic post-colonial states, This house believes that opposition parties to the party of independence should claim and use the legacy of anti-colonial resistance
THW venerate Toshimichi Okubo instead of Takamori Saigo as a heroTakamori Saigo and Toshimichi Okubo were central figures in the overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Takamori Saigo was a military leader who disagreed vehemently with westernization, and resigned from the Meiji government for its refusal to invade Korea. Saigo was a traditionalist who wished to preserve samurai values. He instigated and died in a rebellion against the Meiji government over its mistreatment of the samurai caste. Toshimichi Okubo was a bureaucrat responsible for the establishment of a modern governmental structure in Japan. He went on tour to the West and came back convinced that Japan needed to adopt the Western method of development. As Home Minister, Okubo fought and defeated his former friend Saigo. The samurai deemed Okubo as a traitor and assassinated him as a result. Saigo is still worshipped in Japan today, venerated as the “last true samurai” and a defender of Japanese national identity. Okubo is not.
THBT the United Nations should remove the veto power of the P5 rather than expand Security Council to include new permanent seats
TH prefers a national parliament elected by Single-Member District over Proportional Representation
THBT political view/opinions is a legitimate criteria in employment decision
THBT the United States should adopt wealth tax
This House would abolish primary and secondary school grades/years that group children based on age, and instead group them by competency and intelligence
TH prefers religions in which all individuals have roughly equal religious obligations and are encouraged to develop a personal connection with the divine, over religions in which religious obligation and access to the divine are concentrated in religious authority figures
TH prefers a "Brave New World" to the status quo in Western Liberal DemocraciesA “Brave New World” has these characteristics: 1. People are genetically engineered and socially conditioned by the state for specific societal roles. 2. People's material and physical needs are unfailingly met. 3. There is no possibility of changing the social order.
THBT a pursuit of long-term special economic zones is in the interest of the communist government of VietnamSpecial economic zones commonly offer investors greater investment incentives and fewer restrictions than available in the country hosting the zone. Individuals or companies holding the lease on the land are usually granted a high degree or autonomy that is ceded from the central government
THBT historically oppressed communities should heavily prioritize teaching values of individualism to their children
THBT Taiwan should not glorify Chiang Kai-ShekChiang Kai-Shek is the founder of Taiwan and was the leader that ruled China before fleeing to the Island of Taiwan as a result of losing the Chinese civil war. He founded Taiwan as an autocracy and ruled it until his death
TH, as Imran Khan, Would attempt to significantly decrease the influence of the military over Pakistan’s politicsImran Khan: the newly elected Prime Minister of Pakistan
THBT the probability of success should be removed from the Just War Theory
TH regrets the rise of surveillance capitalism as a business modelSurveillance capitalism is the mone tization of data captured through monitoring people's movements and behavior online and in the physical world. Consumer surveillance is most commonly used for targeted marketing and advertising Marketers combine demographic information with data about people's online activities: their search activity, websites visited, posts and conversations in social media, and so on, to focus marketing efforts where there are most likely to meet with success. In a more direct monetization, many companies also sell customer data gathered through various surveillance channels to partners and other third parties
THBT the U.S. government should cap copay for prescription drugs.
THBT the IMF should bail out countries heavily indebted to China only when they agree to cancel further infrastructure projects with China.
THBT Japanese government should stop memorialization of their soldiers' deaths during WWⅡ.
THBT the environmental movement should abandon the narrative of personal responsibility in favor of one which emphasizes institutional accountability
BP Novice East,2018,1
THW not give medical treatment to patients of attempted suicide
BP Novice West,2018,1
THW ban religious party in politics
BP Novice West,2018,2
In times of crisis, THBT the state should withhold information that may damage social order
THBT we should prioritize policies that seek to help people currently alive, over those that seek tomprotect the future
Assuming the development of AI medical robots that are proven to perform better than human doctors,THW conceal all incidents of medical accidents caused by AI
THW institute quota for female leaders in academic institutions/organizations
THBT educational institutions in developed countries should mandate a year-long work/study-abroad program in a developing country for their students
THBT it is never justified to assassinate state-sponsored scientists and researchers conducting research about weapons of mass destruction
THBT it is in the interest of the Chinese Communist Party to cease attempts to infringe on “One Country, Two Systems” in Hong Kong, rather than continuing its current approach
THW encourage women to be selfish
THBT it is in the interest of dominant organised religions for their leaders to declare more progressive interpretations of traditional dogmae.g. on dietary and pilgrimage requirements, the acceptability of contraception, same-sex relationships
THR the emotion of regret (i.e TH prefers a world in which people cannot feel the emotion of regret)
THW allow American soldiers to sue their government for waging "unjust war"
THBT it is unjustified to assist evil regimes in systematically persecuting members of their identity group in order to mitigate and moderate the regime's abuses (e.g. Israel Kasztner in Nazi-controlled Hungary, Wang Jingwei in Japan-occupied China)
TH prefers a world in which all individuals who have achieved a middle class standard of living choose to pursue the highest level of achievement in their chosen career, rather than a wold in which those individuals priorities day-to-day enjoyment over work
THS the court’s decision to acquit TehlirianSoghomon Tehlirian was an Armenian whose family was killed during the Turkish genocide against Armenians. In Berlin in 1921, Tehlirian assassinated Tallat Pascha, widely considered the main orchestrator of the Armenian genocide. Despite conclusive evidence of his guilt, a Berlin court decided to acquit Tehlirian and free him.
As university-oriented English parliamentary debate community oj Japan, TH prefers mandating all debaters to serve as an organaizing committee member over a voluntary system with significant financial compensation(haigher reward for organaizing committee)
THBT developing countries should heavily disincentivize rural to urban migration
THBT public museums should never diplay offensive arts
THW require religious leaders to revise doctrines that undermine gender equality
TH opposes the trend of tech companies offering egg freezing as employee benefits
THP a world where humans can completely tame their own emotions
THW allow members of the armed forces to form labor unions
THR the use of human rights discourse that is predominantly in favor of civil and political rights by Western liberal democracies, against other countries/ ethnicities/ religions with different ideologies and priorities
THW suspend democracy in times of economic crisis
THBT the billionaire donors who fund morally questionable politicians are more reprehensible than the politicians themselves
THW ban sales and use of study drugs (e.g, Adderall, Modafinil) except for madical purposesStudy drugs refer to drugs used to increase one’s concentration, thinking ability and stamina, for the pourpose of studying. Popular examples of study drugs include Adderall, Modafinil which are now commonly used by rich students in western countries. However, original pourposes of these drugs were to treat medical issues(e.g, treatment for ADHD)
As feminist movement, TH supports women using her sexuality/femininity (Ex. flirt with superiors and customers) to climb up the corporate ladder
THW allow privatization of prisonPrvate prisons refer to prisons operated by a private company under contract with the state or federal government. This system is common in states which have large number of prisoners. Private prison is often controvercial in terms of way of operation, such as cost cut and how prisoners are treated etc…
Assuming feasibility, THW erase sense of fear from soldiers
THW actively encourage women not to have children
THBT Catholic religious officials in Mexico should not make statements in support of governmental policies, political parties, or candidates.
THBT LGBTQ+ activists in non-Western countries should use and advocate for LGBTQ+ rights and individuals using their local historical terms instead of Western terminologyNon-Western countries have rich histories and communities of non-binary/LGBTQ+ individuals, including mahjie(Singapore), Jathil(Indonesia), calabai(Bugis), cult of Tu’er Shen(China), Hijra(India), among others
Assuming feasibility, THW ban all research into the possible genetic origins of sex, race and sexuality
TH, as Israel, would end compulsory military service
THW allow citizens to vote on individual bills in place of their representative, with the representative retaining the voting power of those of their constituents who did not directly vote on that specific bill
BP Novice West,2019,GF
TH regrets the use of derogatory terms currently used for cigarette smokers. e.g.) Yanikasu
In a relatively equal society where the "protected sphere model" is the norm, This House, as a parent, would raise their children according to the "deferred happiness model"Under the "deferred happiness model" of parenting, there is strong emphasis on setting children up for a successful adulthood, including through a focus on academic or extracurricular achievement, structure, and discipline. Under the "protected sphere model" of parenting, there is strong emphasis on "letting children be children", including through a focus on playtime and personal enjoyment.
TH prefers a cynical and pessimistic perception of democratic politics to an idealistic and optimistic one
This House, as North Macedonia, would seek closer ties with the Eurasian Economic Union
This House Believes That feminists should adopt the view that feminist identity is based upon self-identification (e.g., "anyone can be a feminist"), as opposed to based on satisfying group-determined criteria (e.g. "feminists must fulfill x, y z criteria")
This House Believes that the widespread adoption of Libra brings more harm than good
This House Prefers protests with clearly identifiable leaders and defined goals to leaderless movements with disparate goals
This House Would expel states which fail to spend a minimum of 2% of GDP on defence from NATO
THBT it is in the interest of Kashmiri people for Pakistan and China to increase their support for Kashmiri separatist movements / groups
THBT the state should promote stoicismStoicism is a school of thought which teaches that (1) people should not allow themselves to be controlled by the desire for pleasure or the fear of pain; and (2) people should not have strong emotional reactions to events around them, whether good or bad.
Assuming the evidence would never be found out otherwise, THBT the scientist should disclose this evidence to the worldA scientist has found irrefutable evidence that God exists. This God does not belong to any religion or belief system that exists on Earth. This God acts randomly without any regard for human suffering.
TH regrets the Goldwater ruleThe Goldwater rule is a law in the United States that states it is unethical for mental health professionals to give a professional opinion about public figures they have not examined in person and from whom they have not obtained consent. Thus, it opens them for libel if they give a public psychiatric competence analysis on non consenting public figures
THBT resources rich developing nations (e.g. Nigeria, Botswana) should distribute, as a dividend to citizens, income derived from natural resource extraction
TH supports a glorification of honjok* culture*One in which individuals regularly undertake traditionally communal activities alone (e.g. eating, drinking, traveling, etc.). The term is associated with South Korea, however it is on the rise in various countries
THBT military doctors that have conducted, or supervised on, methods aimed to extort information from prisoners should be barred by medical associations from practicing medicine in the civil sphere
In times of financial recession, THBT democratic states should hold general elections
THBT schools should teach children to be skeptical of parental authority
THW make police commanders personally criminally liable for instances of police brutality committed by their subordinates
THBT the US Democratic Party should prioritise emplyment issues, even at the expense of significant harms to the environment
THBT local governments in developing countries should allocate significant portions of their budget via Participatory BudgetingParticipatory Budgeting’ is a process in which ordinary civilians decide how to allocate part of a municipal or local public budget. Citizens propose and prioritize spending projects within a predefined amount of funding, and the government is bound by the decisions they made, e.g, local transportation projects, subsidies, and educational and cultural programs
THBT it is in the interest of the Kremlin to take measures to reduce Russian dependency on Chinae.g limit the selling of raw materials to China, reduce the share of Yuan in Russia’s currency reserves, not allowing Chinese companies to develop strategic infastructure such as 5G in Russia
THBTcommunities that have been victims of atorocities should emphasis the narrative of the ‘banality of evil’ when interpreting those atorocitiesThe concept of ‘banality of evil’ claims that great act of evil can be committed by ordinary indivisuals within a bureacracy. Under this theory, most perpetrators of great evil are ordinary people, with no motive for their actions other than promoting thier own advancement in the system
THBT State Health Services should allow private companies to run hospitals for profit
THBT the State should fund the creation of, and access to, realistic androids that simulate romantic relationships
TH regrets the glorification of the immediate postcolonial leaders in Sub-Saharan Africa
THBT South Korea should abandon the goal of, and all policies which aim at, Korean reunification
TH prefers a world where death is viewed positively
THBT the moderation of content on social media should solely be based on the legality of the content as opposed to including the company's individual community guidelines
Japan BP,2018,Rookie SF
THBT developed nations should promote the privatization of health care industry
Japan BP,2018,Rookie GF
TH would abandon attempts to ban gun ownership in favor of pushing existing gun companies to become "ethical gun manufacturers"“ethical gun manufacturers” refers to gun manufacturing companies that choose not to sell their product to certain countries (such as Heckler & Koch announcing that they will not sell to non-NATO, non-EU countries) as well as setting up measures such as victim funds for gun violence victims
THW pursue replacing human educators with AIs
In portraying the relationships of sexual minorities, THBT popular media should focus on conflicts within the relationship rather than societal discrimination
THR the dominance of networking culture in the workplaceNetworking is the action or process of interacting with others to exchange information and develop professional or social contacts. Examples of networking events are buffet-style dinner party and workshops with group discussions
THW prohibit the use of predictive algorithms in criminal trialsPredictive analytics is the precess of using data analytics to make predictions based on big data (e.g. age, race, religion, gender). Judges can employ algorithms to predict the likelihood an offender will commit further crimes, their flight risk, and a handful of other factors. These outputs are then used to determine sentencing, bail, or whether to grant (or deny) parole
THR the narrative that university education is the primary path to success
THW require government involvement and approval for creation and renewal of all labor contracts
THBT the First Lady should actively enact major policies on behalf of the PresidentYou are the First Lady of the United States. You are more competent than the President or the Vice President in enacting policies & convincing the legislators & the electorate
THW ban religious institutions from asking for donations from their followers
THBT the US should cut military funding for Saudi Arabia.
THBT education should reward contentment with what you have, ratehr than ambition to achieve more.
THBT the use of erotic capital by women does more harm than good
THBT the United States should disengage from Syria
THW impose a narrow banking regulationIn the status quo, financial institutions use the money deposited by customers (e.g. in a bank account) to make loans and investments. Deposits could alternatively be used to buy government-back safe assets (e.g. treasury bonds), which tend to have the lowest risk of default of all assets. In this debate, an “equity account” would be an account where the financial institution can use deposits for loans and investments. The value of an equity account fluctuates based on the value of its underlying assets. A “narrow banking” regulation is the requirement that all financial institutions back up all deposits with an equivalent value of government-back safe assets, unless customers choose to deposit their money in an “equity account”.
THBT the present condition of humanity is preferable to its condition in 100 years time
THW redefine the criterion for excessive force in the US to be any use of beyond what is reasonable given all the facts of the case, including the benefit of hindsight (e.g. whether the individual had a gun, not whether it was reasonable to believe he had a gun)The current criterion in the US as to whether a police offices used excessive force is whether he acted reasonably given his perspective at the time and without the benefit of hindsight. Academic research has shown that when using this criterion, juries consistently conclude that officers harming or killing black individuals acted reasonably in almost all circumstances.
TH, as Iran, would cease all support for military groups in the Middle East (e.g. Hezbollah, Hamas, Houthis, etc.)
THW create an international court with the ability to classify national debt as “odious debt” at the debtor nation’s request and remove the obligation of that nation to repay
TH regrets the practice of competing on national costumes in international beauty contests
THW allow workers to sell their rights in exchange for higher pay
THBT developing countries with ethnically diverse populations should prohibit vernacular schoolsVernacular school provides education in language which are ingrained in the particular communities and not in the country's primary language
THW impose a BBC-style impartiality requirement on all news platforms.The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) is legally required to cover the news impartially. This means: 1. It cannot take sides on controversial issues. 2. The amount of coverage each viewpoint gets should roughly reflect the level of support that viewpoint has in society. 3. It is not required to be neutral on certain fundamental issues like the rule of law and the legitimacy of the democratic process.
This House supports the rapid global elimination of both tariff and non-tariff barriers to free trade.
This House would allow children to sue their parents for religious indoctrinationIndoctrination means teaching someone to accept beliefs uncritically. In the case of religion, this can include (but is not limited to) emphasising strict adherence to religious teachings and not presenting alternative viewpoints
In liberal democracies, THW implement a Social Credit SystemA Social Credit System is a national government-facilitated rating system that rewards citizens for good behaviour and sanctions them for bad behaviour. 1. It evaluates a defined set of actions that includes but goes beyond illegal or legally-obligatory acts (e.g., charitable donations, recycling, volunteer work; or jaywalking, and littering). 2. Scores can be given by members of the public, corporations, NGOs, and the government. 3. Based on these scores, the government applies rewards and sanctions (e.g., fast-track through airport security, government-subsidised mortgages, free public transportation; or higher tax, slower document-processing times, and increased barriers to public sector jobs)
This House believes that ASEAN should abandon "the ASEAN Way"The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) comprises Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. At its formation, ASEAN adopted principles that have come to be known as “the ASEAN Way.” These principles place strong emphasis on national sovereignty, and a commitment to non-intervention in the affairs of member states. All ASEAN decisions are made unanimously
THBT the feminist movement should support the narrative that "beauty does not matter" over the narrative that "all bodies are beautiful"
This House believes that the Mexican government should adopt measures that enable one cartel to monopolise the drug market. (These measures can include but are not limited to: targeting enemy cartels; selective arrests; stopping military deployments to areas controlled by this cartel; and renouncing the headhunt on its current leaders.)
This House Believes that feminist movements in the developing world should integrate religious messages and institutions into their advocacy, rather than distancing themselves from them
This House would abolish the Olympic Games
TH prefers a world without the NeuralinkA highly-valued startup has invented Neuralink technology, which allows people's consciousnesses to be irreversibly uploaded into a powerful supercomputer and maintained indefinitely
TH prefers a world where, starting today, all humans have identical intellectual abilities (equivalent to the current global average)
THBT developing countries should acquire, on the open market, large stakes in major publicly-traded global corporations (eg. Google, JP Morgan, Shell, and Pfizer)
THBT the UN should offer Brazil a large amount of money in return for them permanently ceding sovereignty over the Amazon to international stewardship
THW wholly nationalize the arms industry
As Papuan Activists, THW abandon the Papuan separatist agenda and focus on the fulfillment of social and economic rights of Papuans (e.g. countering racism against Papuan students, increasing the allocation of central resources to development in Papua)
TH supports the politics of class warfare
THS female vigilante groups in areas with chronically high rate of crimes against women(e.g. Gulabi Gang in India).
Autumn Tournament,2019,Rookie GF
THW ban extremist political parties.
Cambridge IV,2018,EFL GF
TH prefers a world in which all children are conceived with DNA from a global genetic database
In circumstances where a unanimous decision is currently required, THP majority voting as the European Council’s decision-making approachIn matters of high sensitivity and complexity, the European Council requires unanimous decision-making. These matters include, but are not limited to foreign policy decisions, granting new rights to EU citizens and suspending the rights of current member states.
THR the decline of labour union power in the West
THW hold bystanders of all sexual harassment liable for their failure to help
THBT the stigmatization of outsourcing eldercare* in Asian societiessending your parents to assisted care facilities retirement communities
THW abolish all requirements for adopting children related to the income, marital status, sexuality, race, etc. of the adopting parent(s)
This House Believes That the West should massively discourage and disincentivise economic collaboration and exchange with China
This House Would raise their child to prefer to be single
THBT women’s rights advocates should associate themselves with specific policy positions rather than identifying with the broader feminist label
TH opposes the narrative that having a child is intinsically fulfilling experience
Given a way to accurately measure an individual's empathy, THW only allow individuals with high levels of empathy for people beyond their immediate circles, to vote in election
China BP,2018,HS SF
TH prefers a world with a dominant norm of not expressing strong emotions
China BP,2018,HS GF
THW abolish constitutional monarchies
TH opposes the dominant social norm in favor of monogamy
THBT President Vladimir Putin is good for Russia
THBT the Pope should be elected by Catholics around the world
In situations where deliberate economic policies by another state have caused substantial economic harms, THBT international law should reeognise that-mlitary-retaliation can be-justified e.g. restricting access to important trade routes or straits, aggressively increasing the price of vital commodities, limiting access to strategic resources
THBT governments should actively discourage consumerist lifestyles
THW ban presidential pardons.
TH supports a norm of embracing anger in public discourse rather than one of aspiring to dispassionate objectivity
THW abolish the private ownership of (housing) property in major metropolitan areas
This House, as China, would grant universal suffrage to Hong Kong
THW grant all sentient animals the rights to life, liberty and bodily integrity that humans enjoy
THBT governments around the world should commit to drastically reducing birth rates until the total world population is sustained at 3 billion
BP Novice East,2018,2
This house regrets the China-Vatican deal on the appointment of Chinese bishopsBefore this agreement below. Chinese Catholics were split between a faction that registered with the State-controlled Catholic Patriotic Association (CPA), and an underground Catholic community that swore loyalty only to the Pope. The CPA had appointed Chinese bishops in the past, who were excommunicated by the Vatican church. The new deal makes the Vatican recognize China's system of nominating its own bishops, but gives the Pope veto powers over new nominations.
BP Novice East,2018,3
THBT democracies should actively combat the rise of right wing populism (e.g. suppressing their speech acts, dismantling their political parties)
BP Novice East,2018,4
THBT feminist movement should seek a ban on contents that sexually objectify women (including but not limited to some pornography and animated characters on magazines)
TH, as Colombia, would cease cooperation with the USA in the War Against Drugs
TH prefers a world where parents are honest with their children about their (i.e. parents’) imperfections and insecurities
THBT Feminism movement should not celebrate Mohammed bin Salman
TH prefers the world with one unified currency
TH prefers a world in which all arts were anonymous over a world where they were always attributed to the artist
THR the popularization of feminism.
This House, as the US Democratic Party, would call for a halt in the negotiations with Nroth Korea.
TH, as Western liberal democracies, would impose sanctions on Saudi Arabia.
THW mandate all development aid to be administered by international organization. (i.e. World Bank, AIIB, AIB, etc)
THW opposes the social norm to hide or mischaracterize truths about the world from children (e.g. “sinners go to hell”, future prospect & careers, there ability compared to other children)
TH prefers polyamourous relationships over monogamy
In the lead up to the 1994 negotiated settlement in South Africa, THBT the ANC should have demanded further concessions (e.g. removing the amnesty provision in the TRC, greater land and economic rights) even at the expense of prolonging the conflict
THBT an approach of Political Expansionism on the part of the Chinese state is in the interests of the Chinese people
TH Opposes the Defining Decade normThe ‘Defining Decade’ is a cultural norm which urges young adults to persistently persue life goals, even at the expense of significantly neglecting immideate desires. As part of this approach it is common to seek to maximise educational value from most activities, seek more responsibility at work, seek instrumental value from social relationships, and stigmatise idle time.
THBT the Greek government should have rejected the 2015 bailout deal and sought to negotiate further concessions, even at the risk of not receiving a bailout
THBT the US Democratic Party should move to the left in candidate selection and policy platform
THW replace the teaching of established classics (e.g. Shakespeare) with popular contemporary literature (e.g. Harry Potter)
TH, in hindsight, supports the 2016 election of Donald Trump
THW criminalise blasphemy in Western Liberal DemocraciesBlasphemy is the act of offending or showing contempt towards a religious deity or a sacred object/person
THW abolish all grading in primary, secondary, and tertiary education
THW only allow women to make new purchases of real estate and land
TH opposes the free movement of persons in Africa
THBT Japanese feminists should actively uncover stories of Japanese comfort women
TH supports athletes making political expressions at international sporting events
THW allow schools with a majority of pupils from oppressed groups to reject children who do not belong to their group from attending the school
THBT developing countries should sell their custodian rights over their wildlife within their territories to private corporations
TH supports the decline of American influence in East AsiaEast Asia includes both Northeast and Southeast Asia
THW criminalize adultery
THBT the United States government should cede the authority to prosecute criminal trials involving African Americans (as either victims or alleged perpetrators) to African American interest groups, and allocate funding for this
This House Would ban political advertising on social media
TH opposes National Coming Out Day
TH prefers a would in which social media sites would have been founded on a subscription based revenue model rather than an ad based model**i.e. one in which most of the revenue comes from paying customers and not ads
THBT the state of Israel should cease using the holocaust as a core justification for its existence
THBT religious leaders should not endorse candidates for polotical office